Osteochondroma – Tumor of bone & cartilage- Common & uncommon Presentations

Vol 35 | Issue 1 | Jan-April 2020 | page: 17-20 | Imran Sajid, Sasha Khan, Mujahid Muzaffar


Authors: Imran Sajid [1], Sasha Khan [1], Mujahid Muzaffar [1]

¹Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, F.H Medical College, Etmadpur, Agra, Uttarpradesh, India.

Address of Correspondence:
Dr. Mujahid Muzaffar,
F.H Medical College, Etmadpur, Agra, Uttarpradesh, India.
E-mail: imransajid60@gmail.com


ABSTRACT : Osteochondromas are the rare benign and malignant tumour of the growing bone, usually affecting the young adults. Solitary osteocartilaginous exostosis is more common than the hereditary multiple exostosis (HME). The first 3 decades of life has maximum chances of getting affected with osteochondroma and hardly occurs in craniofacial bones because of the fact that these bones are not formed by endochondral ossification. Most of the symptoms occur at the periphery of the bone tissues, with commonest site been around the knee. Since it mostly occurs in the bone growing phase, the tumor characteristically grows away from the joint. Diagnosis is difficult at symptomless stage; incidentally it is diagnosed when X-ray is carried out. Malignant transformation is their most severe complication. However, deformities and interference with major joint function are the most frequent complaints in patients with hereditary multiple osteochondroma. Treatment should therefore aim not only at surgical resection of the masses but also at prevention of deformities. This article reports observations made on 24 patients with solitary osteochondroma, with a mean follow-up of 2.5 years
KEYWORDS: Osteochondroma, Scapula, Calcaneum, Distal femur, Exostosis


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How to Cite this Article: Sajid I, Khan S, Muzaffar M. | Osteochondroma – Tumor of bone and cartilage – Common and Uncommon presentations | Journal of Bone and Joint Diseases | Jan-April 2020; 35(1):17-20.

 



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